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During the Ottoman Empire, an essential goal of education was to raise 'great Muslims'. Hence there was a requirement for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Guideline was passed, replacing the existing, primarily sectarian academic system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the solely secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican Individuals's Party (CHP) religious education was restored in 1948. This included the facility of a Faculty of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. First steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Party federal government, which set up 7 unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools came across the hazard of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the intro of the brand-new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could just register in university programmes if they had actually passed courses used at nonreligious schools. Throughout the premiership of Süleyman Demirel nevertheless, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were offered access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état introduced two key reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were renamed as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as trade schools, where students were to be trained as preachers and ministers or gotten ready for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly at first, however their numbers expanded quickly to 334 throughout the 1970s. The coalition government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Celebration), committed to resume junior highs and giving the right of entry to university through assessment. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of nearly four years. Throughout the 1974-75 academic year the number of students taking care of the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is typically pointed out as the Check out this site impact of the National Salvation Celebration's membership of a variety of coalitions with Nationalist Front governments.
Circumstance because 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a vital turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, two new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of contributing to the education of kids of households who work abroad. Although the variety of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased because, the variety of students participating in Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partly due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the total number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had actually greatly increased to reach 511,502. Alongside this huge boost in popularity, the variety of schools likewise increased. The variety of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The boost in both trainee and school numbers can be credited to elements consisting of the commitment of people to religion, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of women and an increase in need for religious education.
Research study recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees signed up at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to get religious tutoring alongside a more basic education.In addition, research study reveals enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the student's decision. The 3rd proposed consider the rise in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female trainees in 1976. By 1998, nearly 100,000 females attended Imam Hatip high schools, comprising almost half of all students. This figure is particularly exposing because females are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of 8 years of compulsory education in 1997 has actually seen an abrupt decrease in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "employment schools" meant that, although more alternatives had actually been provided to graduates, obtaining places at prominent university courses ended up being more difficult.By requiring that all eight required years of education be spent under the exact same primary-school roof, middle schools were eliminated. Children might not get in vocational schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (instead of the 6th, as prior to).